Matthias Scherge studied Physics and the Technology of Electronic Components at the TU Ilmenau and the TU Bratislava. In 1992 he wrote his doctoral thesis on “The Transportation of Materials in VLSI Technology Guide Tracks” at the TU Ilmenau. This was followed by a residency at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh (USA) – first on a DAAD scholarship at the department of Materials Science and Engineering and then as postdoctoral fellow at the Data Storage Systems Center. From 1995 to 1996 Matthias Scherge was head engineer at the Institute of Micro Technology at the University of Hannover. Following that, he became head of the research group Micro Tribology at the Institute for Physics at the TU Ilmenau. There he also completed his habilitation on the subject of “Technological and Biological Micro Tribology”.
From 2000 to 2003 he was scientific director at IAVF Antriebstechnik AG in Karlsruhe and part of their board of directors until 2006. During this period he was also a visiting professor at the TU Vienna and TU Ilmenau. Since 2003 Matthias Scherge is visiting professor at the Chinese Academy of Maschinenbauwissenschaft in Wuhan (China). He is honorary professor at the TU Ilmenau and teaches at the Institute for Applied Materials - Reliability of Components and Systems at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT.
In 2007 he became manager of the Micro and Nano Tribology group at the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials in Freiburg. In 2009 he became director of and official speaker for the MicroTribology Center μTC. Since 2011 Matthias Scherge is head of the Tribology business unit at the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM.